Siddhartha D.
8:05 22nd Dec, 2022

Everything About Makers and Takers Explained!

Like the equity market, crypto's order book has its own market maker taker, producing liquidity and improving the trading environment.

So let’s dive deep into maker-taker crypto

(But before that, be sure to give it a try on, a platform with zero trading fees* and an extensive selection of over 200 cryptocurrencies to trade.)

What is Market Liquidity?

market liquidity; liquidity; liquid
Image Credits: ig

Market liquidity determines Market Efficiency. If the trading of assets at fair prices is smooth, a market is considered to be highly liquid. It also suggests that there is a strong and balanced supply and demand of traders looking to purchase and sell cryptocurrencies.

The "ask" price, which is the lowest value for submitting a sell order, and the "bid" price are in balance in this instance i.e. the value at which the purchase order should be placed.

The "bid-ask spread"—the distinction between the "ask price" and the "bid price"—is often small in markets with high levels of liquidity.

On the other hand, compared to highly liquid markets, there is a lower demand for the asset in low-liquid markets, and the bid-ask gap is significantly wider. As a result, the market becomes more volatile and it is challenging for traders to sell their assets at a reasonable price.

Market liquidity draws more investment firms and enables transactions to be traded in an orderly manner.

Moving forward after knowing about the basics of the financial market, we now move ahead with the Market makers and takers.

Who are Market Makers?

market maker; market makers explained; markets; crypto markets;
Image Credits: bitpanda

Individual traders or designated exchange members are known as market makers. They assist in buying or selling assets at the current bid price. Market makers are liquidity providers (LPs) who own the assets and benefit from the spread between the bid and ask prices.

The "ask" price, which is a little more expensive than the market value, is what traders pay to put an item into the order book. The "bid" price, which is a little less expensive than the "ask" price, is what traders who wish to sell crypto assets pay.

Market makers benefit from this discrepancy, also known as the bid-ask spread, and they also receive compensation for participating in the market.

There are two types of Market makers in the financial system; The Designated Market Makers and the Automated Market Makers.

Designated Market Makers:

For a certain group of listed companies, a Designated Market Maker (DMM) is a market maker tasked with preserving fair and orderly markets.

The Designated Market Maker is the official market maker for a group of takers and will take the opposite side of transactions when purchasing and selling imbalances emerge in order to preserve liquidity in these allocated assets.

The DMM also acts as a point of contact for the listed firm on the trading floor and gives it information on the overall market situation, the traders' attitudes, and who is trading the stock.

Automated Market Makers:

AMMs are a component of the ecosystem of decentralised finance (DeFi). Through the use of liquidity pools rather than a conventional market of buyers and sellers, they enable the automated and permissionless trading of digital assets.

Users of AMM provide liquidity pools with crypto tokens, the value of which is established by a fixed mathematical formula. Liquidity pools are proven to be a key tool in the DeFi ecosystem and may be adjusted for a variety of applications.

Maker-Taker Fees:

While placing an order, you either place an order via a stop order or a limit order. In both the cases, you play the respective role of maker and taker. In simple terms:

  • You are a "taker" and must pay a "taker fee" when you make an order that is instantly completed in full (such as a market or stop order). The notion is that by purchasing or selling limit orders that are now on the books, you are "taking" the price you desire, right now.
  • You are a "maker" when you place an order that doesn't fill instantly (like a limit order), and you may anticipate paying a lower "maker" cost for this. As previously mentioned, the phrase "market maker" refers to a person who helps to "create the market" by placing limit orders on the books.

In general, when it comes to maker vs taker fees, "makers" pay less and "takers" pay more. As a result, there is an incentive to place orders (which people can then buy via market orders). In a market where makers are rewarded with higher fees than takers, one always wants to be a "maker" if at all feasible.

As a result, it makes sense nearly always to create limit orders that won't be executed right away and wait to be paired with another buyer's or seller's market or stop orders.

Examples of Market Makers:

A market maker is a specialist who is knowledgeable about the operation of order books, technical analysis, and developing unique trading software strategies. Here are some popular market makers:

GSR Markets

GSR Markets is a Hong Kong-based algorithmic digital trading company. It uses its own software to provide order execution services for several digital classes in order to provide liquidity.

The business is recognised for implementing a number of models connected with more than 30 liquidity pools, lowering their trading costs to the lowest levels in the markets.

Kairon Labs

At least until 2021, Kairon Labs was the leading market maker in the industry. They are based in Belgium and utilise their own internal software to provide market-making for all utility tokens.

Alpha Theta

Toronto-based Alpha Theta has techniques that are adapted to the requirements of the project. The nicest thing about Alpha Theta is how eager they are to take on even little jobs so they can establish their name and grow.


For the cryptocurrency market to expand and draw major investors, the maker-taker dynamic is essential. Market-making lessens friction and volatility. It guarantees more market liquidity and higher earnings from bid-ask trading.

Trade Bitcoin and 200+ other coins with 0 fees* on

(Click here to Learn about Bitcoin Rainbow Chart)


Recommended Blogs